Earth’s biodiversity has seen an overall decrease across the globe. And while each region has declined, some places have experienced higher drops than others.
It’s no longer just an alarm ringing in the distance. The Earth’s vibrant tapestry of life – its biodiversity – is diminishing at a disturbing rate. The rate of loss, although differing across regions, is leaving every corner of the globe noticeably quieter. This ominous silence is the result of a profound drop in average species populations, and it’s echoing louder in some places than others.
RELEVANT SUSTAINABLE GOALS
Earth’s Biodiversity Loss Across The Regions
- Changes in Land and Sea Use: Our planet’s face is transforming. The habitats of numerous species are being irreversibly altered due to development, mining, and unsustainable agricultural practices.
- Overexploitation of Species: Here, the death knell tolls both directly and indirectly. While direct exploitation is the result of intentional hunting, indirect overexploitation occurs when a species is accidentally harmed, such as by-catch in fisheries.
- Invasion of Foreign Species and Disease: Uninvited guests can wreak havoc. Invasive species may bring along diseases, or they may turn into predators of native species unequipped to defend themselves.
- Pollution: The silent and invisible killer. Pollutants can instantly disrupt a species’ environment – think of an oil spill. Yet, others like microplastics unleash a slow but devastating impact on the health of species.
- Climate Change: The invisible strings of climate change are reshaping nature’s rhythm. Changes in temperature trigger unpredictable seasonal shifts, affecting natural phenomena such as migration and mating seasons.
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